Buffalo Rifle One Shot

Sharps (Berdan) Buffalo Rifle One Shot

  • ROF- 1
  • RELOAD- 1
  • SHORT- 0-30
  • MEDIUM- 30-60
  • LONG- 60-150
  • EXTREME- 150-400

Weapon Speed- Very Slow


Designer Christian Sharps
Designed 1848
Number built 100,000+
Weight 9.5 lb (4.3 kg)
Length 47 inches (1,200 mm)
Cartridge .52-caliber 475-grain projectile with 50-grain (3.2 g) cartridge
Action Falling Block
Rate of fire 8–10 shots per minute
Muzzle velocity 1,200 ft/s (370 m/s)
Effective range 400 yd (460 m)
Feed system 1 round
Sights open ladder type

The military Sharps rifle (also known as the Berdan Sharps rifle) was a falling block rifle used during and after the American Civil War.4 Along with being able to use a standard percussion cap, the Sharps had a fairly unusual pellet primer feed. This was a device which held a stack of pelleted primers and flipped one over the nipple each time the trigger was pulled and the hammer fell – making it much easier to fire a Sharps from horseback than a gun employing individually loaded percussion caps.
The Sharps Rifle was produced by the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company in Hartford, Connecticut. It was used in the Civil War by the U.S. Army sharpshooters, known popularly as “Berdan’s Sharpshooters” in honor of their leader Hiram Berdan. The Sharps made a superior sniper weapon of greater accuracy than the more commonly issued muzzle-loading rifled muskets. This was due mainly to the higher rate of fire of the breech loading mechanism and superior quality of manufacture.
At this time however, many officers were distrustful of breech-loading weapons on the grounds that they would encourage men to waste ammunition. In addition, the Sharps Rifle was expensive to manufacture (three times the cost of a muzzle-loading Springfield rifle) and so only 11,000 of the Model 1859s were produced. Most were unissued or given to sharpshooters, but the 13th Pennsylvania Reserves (which still carried the old-fashioned designation of a “rifle regiment”) carried them until being mustered out in 1864.

Buffalo Rifle One Shot

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